On the authority of Abu Ruqayyah Tameem ibn Aus (R.A) the Prophet (SAW) said:
“The religion is naseehah.” The people said, “To whom?” The Prophet (SAW) replied: “To Allah and to His Book and to His Messenger and to the Leaders of the Muslims and to the common folk of the Muslims.” (Recorded by Muslim)
*Note*: “[…]” means that sentence ended but there is more to it. Also this Hadith will be covered in several different posts. Salutations has been omitted for most part.
Some of the scholars said that if thousands of hadith of the Prophet (SAW) would be lost, this hadith would be sufficient to guide the Muslims. Abu Dawood stated that this is one of the hadith around which all of fiqh revolves. Some scholars have called this hadith one fourth of the religion but in fact, as shall be seen below, its meaning encompasses the entirety of the religion of Islam. [pg 478]
The Meaning of Naseehah:
The commentator on hadith Al-Khattaabi stated that naseehah is a comprehensive word that embodies every type of virtue and the wanting or desire for all forms of goodness. Both, al-Khattaabi and ibn Hajr, have stated there is no other word in the Arabic language that is so comprehensive. […] Al-Raaghib al-Isfahaani has given the shareeah definition of the term as, “Naseehah is the seeking of an action or statement that contains goodness and improvement for other person.” Ibn Salaah has stated that the essence of naseehah is where the one doing the naseehah (sincere well-wishing) truly seeks the best for the one to whom he is making naseehah… Ibn Uthamain makes this point in even clearer terms. He says that
naseehah implies that a person loves for his brother what is good, calls him to it, makes it clear to him and encourages him to do it. This is part and parcel of the true religion of Islam. This is the real way of the believers. […]
The Messengers and Naseehah:
Naseehah implies that one advises and guides others to what is best for them in this life and the Hereafter. This was first and foremost the job of the Messengers. That is why, in the Quran, Allah has described many of them as fulfilling this role of persons giving naseehah. […]
When asked to whom this naseehah is due that Prophet (SAW) first said, “To Allah.” Making naseehah to Allah requires the fulfilling of the obligatory duties in the best way possible (ihsaan). The naseehah to Allah cannot be complete or perfect without this. This should be a goal of every Muslim. However, this cannot be done without a love for what He has ordered. This also implies that a Muslim should strive to get as close to Allah as possible by doing voluntary good deeds and by forbidding the forbidden and avoiding dislikes acts. […]
Obviously, the one who benefits from this naseehah is not Allah. Allah is Self-Sufficient and is not in need to any of His creatures. Instead, it is the servant of Allah himself that benefits from this act. When he makes naseehah to Allah, he is purifying himself and bringing himself closer to Allah. Hence, Allah has made this act obligatory upon individuals and it is the person himself who alone benefits from this act. Such is the grace and mercy of Allah.
Source: Jamaal al-Din M. Zarabozo, Commentary of the Forty Hadith of Imam Nawawi, Volume 1, Hadith 7. Al Basheer Company for Publication and Translations, 1999.
[The intent was sincere. If the publisher or the author really has an objection I will delete these posts ~ Umer Sultan]
“Spreading Hadith One Post Per Day” series.
Hadith # 18.