Religion of the Mongols

We know a lot about Mongols.

Muslims see it as the dark chapter in their history- destruction of Baghdad, destruction of the libraries and Muslim civilization, destruction of Samarkand, Basra, and many other great cities of Persia and present day Afghanistan. Never ending hordes of horses. Barbaric warriors that would not stop for rest and meal and when thirsty would stab a horse and drink its blood. Inhuman humans, who would butcher even women and children and then would compete with skull mountains!

Europeans see Mongols as a powerful force that knocked at the door steps of Europe. A military power that took over Eastern European states. A power that could not be defeated.

But we have little knowledge about the philosophy and religion that Mongols followed or believed. I was watching some Youtube videos few days ago and I came across a comment by someone (name & profile seemed western), the comment said that Mongols believed in Buddhism. That cracked me up and I left a comment (now I can’t find it!). So below is the brief information regarding the believes of the Mongols. Pretty cool and astonishing:

The Faith and religion of the Mongols lie in the darkness of history. However, they had the concept of one Powerful Creator, they believed in God Almighty. They worshipped much in the way as the non-Aryan inhabitants of India did. A Prophet must have been sent to that region but the Mongols had sent him into oblivion with the passage of time along with his message. They had lost sense of right and wrong, lawful and unlawful. They ate what they found and did anything they liked. Due to the climatic effect and tribal feuds, some historians have written that their religion was simply killing men. They also worshipped stars and natural phenomena. They were not Magi even thought they worshipped fire. Genghis Khan rose as a reformer in a people so low in moral decay and immersed in abject ignorance. He first established a mighty empire in a comparatively short time and then he took time to bring about reforms in the moral and social conditions of the Mongols.

Source: The History of Islam, Volume III by Akbar Shah Najeebabadi. Pg. 294. Darussalam 2001.

Wicked Cool Aye 🙂 !!!

Monotheism was astonishing, I never expected that coming when I read that!


Filed under Islam, Umer Sultan

5 responses to “Religion of the Mongols

  1. Three hundred years before the civil wars in the first game, the Kublai Khan and his Mongol horde attacked Japan. Collin Religion

  2. skeletaleejit

    The later Mongol court adopted a lot of Buddhist beliefs, while old Chinggis and his generation were, it seems, fairly pragmatic types who made sacrifices to Tengger/Tenggeri/Tengri, the steppe sky divinity, and were very careful around fire, using its presence to purify people and things (one had to ride between fires to purify oneself on approaching the camp from faraway, or after a death). There is quite a lot of scholarship on Mongol approaches to other religions – generally speaking, the early qa’ans seem to have approved of priests who seemed to get the results that they wanted, but it was the late thirteenth century before the qa’ans started converting to the faiths of the conquered peoples.
    Weirdly, the towers of skulls motif seems to crop up only after various Turco-Mongol groups converted to Islam. While Timur and Babur did it, I haven’t seen accounts of Chinggis doing this.

    • When Ghengez Khan invaded Afghanistan nothing was left to live in its way- men, women, child, old young, animal, farms- nothing. When Hulako Khan (grandson of Ghengez Khan) attacked Baghdad, everyone was dead.

      Saying that Mongols became vicious only after converting to Islam is the distortion of Historical facts. I haven’t studied much of Timur Lame, but he was on his way of conquering the world and no worst than Alexander & Ghengez Khan.

  3. skeletaleejit

    Don’t misunderstand this – I’m not saying (by any means) that troops under Mongol command (by no means all people who would necessarily be described as ethnically ‘Mongol’) became more violent after elements of them converted to Islam, just that I haven’t (yet) come across references to towers of skulls before Timur.

    I should also note that troops under Mongol command did not slaughter the entire population of the region now known as Afghanistan – what they did was to murder, deliberately and callously, the populations of towns and cities that resisted or rebelled (which is of course horrific). The invasions led to the destruction of numerous cities and their populations, but the approach was not quite genocidal.

    • The Khalifa of Baghdad had a treaty with Ghengez khan. Khalifa refused to aid Sultan Jalaludin Khwarzam Shah’s fight against Mongols. Thus when the whole of Afghanistan was ravaged, the Mongol hordes stopped at the gates of Baghdad.

      Until Halako Khan decided to break the treaty and attack Baghdad, bringing end to all life, decency, & civilization. Call it a genocide or not, for me the tag Genocide doesn’t matter. But it was indeed slaughter at a whole another level.

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