What Muhajir and Pathan Can Learn From the Qur’an

By Umer Sultan| “Lets move from the Jahiliyyah to the nobility of Islam!”

The sanctity of Ramadan is meaningless for them. The open doors of Heavens are meaningless for them. Seeking forgiveness for the past shortfalls and asking Allah for guidance is meaningless for them. What is meaningful for them, however, is to shed blood of their Muslim brothers because Allah had created them into different languages and ethnicity.

Flickr: Mirza.smart

I am not talking about Syria in which the government forces are shooting down the Muslims praying in the Mosques. I am talking about the situation in Karachi in which over 300+ people have died and counting, where the city has been hijacked by mainly two secularist-ethnic nationalist parties-ANP- Awami National Party (Pathan) and MQM- formerly Muhajir Qaumi Movement (Muhajir). Target killings are the norm in the city, and the sins of the dead & their families is that they belong to one of the two ethnic groups- Pathan or Muhajir, or they happened to be the bystanders, where as, the PPP-Pakistan Peoples Party, is having a low-profile in the conflict.

Pathan are Pashto speaking people from the North Western region of Pakistan neighboring Afghanistan. Muhajir are Urdu speaking people who migrated from India to Pakistan. This insanity is also part of  the Global War on Terror. The MQM that claims to uphold the rights of Muhajir has charged ANP supporters as Taliban infiltration in Karachi. One Secularist party charging another Secularist party of being Taliban. You tell me people are insane, I say “concur.”

Yes there are very many legitimate grievances. Yes Muhajir have been and are discriminated in Pakistan, yes in Karachi the Pathan have the monopoly over the transportation and they resist all transportation reform efforts to keep their fifty years old buses running in which people are packed like chickens, even worst for even chickens are left with a room to breath.

And yes Karachi being the economic hub and the back bone of Pakistan attracts people from all parts of Pakistan to make something out of their lives. It is their little “American Dream” but they just consider it an opportunity, where people from villages come and camp out and find employment, or at least it used to be like that. Karachi used to be called the “Fruit Basket” of Pakistan, where people were so generous that no one would sleep starving, and they still are generous. Where the people pay Zakah and Sadaqah (charity), a not so common phenomenon in the rest of the cities of Pakistan.  (No claims claimed here out of biases, instead I am quoting the saying of “massies-house cleaners” from Punjab who said this).

Another fact of life is that Karachi is no property of Muhajir either. It is a city of Pakistan and thus it belongs to all Pakistanis. Sensible thing would be that any person that breaks the law would then be brought to justice, but Pakistanis have a culture of ‘law applies to the weak’, so sensible thing then is to collect as much weapons and ammunition as possible to prepare for the day of the showdown. Each group is busy thus for a showdown, with no fear of the life after death, with no fear of Allah.

Enough of this what should happen and what should not happen. It is not like people in Pakistan have no brains, they have fully functional brains, they know how things should be, they support these and other ethnic nationalist parties that call towards Jahiliyyah (Days of Ignorance).

What Allah Says in the Qur’an:

So Allah addressed this issue in His Final Revelation, i.e. the Noble Qur’an. So lets see what Allah says- to whom both Muhajir and Pathan, Sindhi and Balochi, Punjabi and Saraiki, will return when they will die.

Historical Background:

“Aws and Khazraj were two rival Arab tribes in Madinah who used to fight each other in the Days of Ignorance. When the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, came to Madinah, most of the people from both tribes embraced Islam, and their centuries old enmity came to an end, because Islam united them for a noble cause. The Jews, who used to exploit their enmity for their financial benefits by extending usurious loans to each one of them, were frustrated by the unity.

Once, some Muslims of both tribes were sitting together as brothers. Shammas Ibn Qais, a staunch Jew, tried to revive their enmity, and started reciting a poetry which both tribes had written against each other about a war that continued between them for decades. It raised an oral altercation between them in the beginning, and resulted in a serious dispute until they started setting a date for fighting a formal war.

When the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, heard about it, he rushed to the spot and reproached them on the incident, after which both groups appreciated that it was actually a satanic move to create dissension between Muslims. These verses (below) revealed on that occasion. In these verses the Jews are firstly reproached on their rejecting the true faith, then on their designs to hinder people from following the right way. Thereafter the Muslims are reminded how Islam has turned them into brothers after a long hostility. They are also directed that they should engage themselves in their common cause of preaching Islam. It will make them forget their past hostilities, and unite them for good.” [Note 30 of Verse 3:98 of the Qur’an {1} ]

Allah says in the Qur’an:

“Say, O people of the Book, why do you reject the verses of Allah while Allah is witness to what you do?. [3:98- See Note 30 above] Say, O people of the Book, why do you hinder the believers from the way of Allah, trying to create crookedness in it, while you yourselves are witnesses (to its being the right way)? Allah is not oblivious of what you do.” [3:99]

O you who believe, if you obey a group from those who have been given the Book (i.e. the Christians and the Jews), they will turn you into infidels after you have embraced the faith. [3:100] How could you disbelieve while you are the ones to whom the verses of Allah are recited, and present amidst you is His Messenger? Whoever holds on to Allah, is surely led to the straight path. [3:101]

O you who believe, fear Allah, as He should be feared, and let not yourself die save as Muslims. [3:102] Hold fast, all of you, to the cord of Allah [See Note 83 below {3}], and be not divided. Remember the blessing of Allah upon you: When you were enemies to each other, and He brought your hearts together, so that, you became brothers through His blessing. You were at the brink of a pit of Fire, then He saved you from it. This is how Allah makes His signs clear to you, so that you may take the right path. [3:103]

There has to be a group of people from among you who call towards the good, and bid the Fair and forbid the Unfair. And it is these who are successful. [3:104] Do not be like those who became divided and fell into disputes after the clear signs had come to them.

Those are the ones for whom there is a grave punishment [3:105] on a day when some faces shall turn bright, and some faces shall turn dark. As for those whose faces turn dark, (they shall be questioned): “Did you disbelieve after you had accepted the Faith? Now taste the punishment, because you used to disbelieve.” [3:106] As for those whose faces turn bright, they will rest in Allah‘s mercy. They will live there forever. [3:107]

These are the verses of Allah We recite to you with all veracity. Allah does not intend to do injustice to (anyone in) the worlds. [3:108] To Allah belongs what is in the heavens and what is in the earth. To Allah all matters are returned. [3:109]

You are the best Ummah ever raised for mankind. You bid the Fair and forbid the Unfair, and you believe in Allah

[The Noble Qur’an, Chapter 3 ‘Al- ‘Imran, 3:98 – 3:110] {2}

Since both parties are secularists, they don’t look into the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of Allah’s Messenger for their guidance. Which explains how one secular party (MQM) accuses another secular party (ANP) of being “Taliban” because ANP supporters being Pathan (Pakhtoon), they share the same ethnicity of Taliban, with no second thoughts as to what consequence the nation will have to face. Similarly when some politicians speak on the national media about Muhajirs in a very racist and disgusting manner that “…[Urdu-speaking migrants] came to this city hungry and naked [after Partition in 1947].” (Tribune.pk) To this Altaf Hussein,  leader of MQM, replied: “If the Muhajirs and their forefathers had not struggled for the freedom, those calling them hungry and destitute would still have been licking the boots of the Hindus.” (DailyTimes.pk)

Such hateful remarks are benefiting no one but dooming Pakistan!

Remember the incident “When a person from Al-Muhajirun (those who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and a person from Al-Ansar (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muhajirun) quarreled, the boy from Al-Muhajirun called out: “O Muhajirun!” and the boy from Al-Ansar called out: “O Ansar!” Whereupon, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “(Do I hear) the cries of Al-Jahiliyyah while I am among you!” And he became very angry because of that. {4} So do they care about the anger of the beloved Messenger of Allah?

Allama Abdul Azeez ibn Baaz, rahimullah, said regarding this hadith:

If the one who was related to Al-Muhajirun and asked them for support against their brothers in religion, and the one who was related to Al-Ansar and asked them for support against their brothers in religion were judged as calling for the cries of Al-Jahiliyyah, although these two names (Al-Muhajirun and Al-Ansar) are beloved to Allah [Exalted and Sublime Be He] and Allah praised their followers with great praise in the Almighty’s saying: “And the foremost to embrace Islâm of the Muhâjirûn (those who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and the Ansâr (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muhâjirûn) and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allâh is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him.”, then how will the situation be of a person related to Nationalism, who seeks support in it and gets angry for it? {5}

Note the following Hadith also, as reported in the Sunan of Abu Dawud from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he said:

He is not of us, the one who calls to partisanship; he is not of us, the one who fights for partisanship; and he is not of us, the one who dies on partisanship.{6}

Lets move from the Jahiliyyah to the nobility of Islam! As our second Khalifa Umar ibn Al-Khattab said:

“We were the lowliest of people but Allah gave us might and glory through Islam. If we seek glory through other than what Allah gave us glory through, He will abase us (again).” 

Umar ibn Al-Khattab, Second Khalifa of Muslims. Source IslamicQuotes.org


{1} Usmani, Mufti Muhammad Taqi. The Meanings of the Noble Qur’an . Karachi: Maktaba Ma’ariful Quran, 2010. 117-118. Print. Explanatory Note 30.

{2} Usmani, Mufti Muhammad Taqi. The Meanings of the Noble Qur’an . Karachi: Maktaba Ma’ariful Quran, 2010. 117-118. Print. English Translation

English Translation Page 117-119, 2010. Also Page #49 in this e-book PDF format for the English Translation only.

{3} Note 83:  Maulana Syed Abu A’la Maududi writes in his Tafheem-ul-Qur’an regarding “the cord of Allah” as below:

“The expression ‘cable of Allah’, in this verse, refers to the ‘religion of God’. The reason for use of the word ‘cable’ (habl) is that it both establishes a bond between man and God and joins all believers together. To take a firm hold on this cable means that the believers should attach profound importance to their religion: this should always be the centre of their concerns; they should continually strive to establish it; and the common desire to serve it should make them co-operate with each other.

As soon as Muslims turn their attentions away from the fundamental teachings of their religion and lose sight of establishing its hegemony in life they begin to concern themselves with matters of secondary importance. And, just as they rent the communities of the former Prophets, enticing people away from their true objective in life, so schisms and dissensions are bound to plague their lives. If Muslims do this they are bound to suffer indignity and disgrace both in this world and the Next as happened with the followers of the previous Prophets.” [Tafheem-ul-Qur’an-English]

Maududi, Syed Abul ‘Ala. Tafheem-ul-Quran. 1. Lahore: Idarah Tarjuman-ul-Quran, 2010. 276. Print.

{4} {5} {6} Ibn Baaz, Allama Abdul Aziz. “Allamah Ibn Baaz on Nationalism and that it is from the calls of pre-Islamic Ignorance (Jahiliyyah).” Quran Sunnah Educational Program. QSEP, n.d. Web. <http://www.qsep.com/modules.php?name=ilm&d_op=article&sid=885&gt;.

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Raise Awareness by sharing it with your family and friends, especially your Pakistani ones. May Allah guide us. Ameen.
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Filed under Pakistan, Umer Sultan

9 responses to “What Muhajir and Pathan Can Learn From the Qur’an

  1. D.I.D.

    “One Secularist party charging another Secularist party of being Taliban.” Truth is indeed stranger than fiction.

    I myself am a nationalist, however, my particular brand of nationalism rests largely on cultural nationalism and I like to stay as far away from ethnic nationalism as I can get. To me, nations and national culture are realities and social constructs, but acknowledging that we are different does not mean that we must be enemies! I love learning about other nations and other cultures whenever I am presented the opportunity, and I respect all nations without ever considering my own as somehow superior in any fasion.

    Nationalism isn’t neccesarily an antagonistic or divisive creed, but ethnic or tribal nationalism is one uncomfortable subset of nationalism that almost always is. A cultural view of a nation is more inclusive and can easily neighbour and in some instances even cohabitate (hence the union of Canadians and Québécois) with other nations. Ethnic nationalism, based on a bizarre and socially (and biologically) irrelevent notion of “bloodline” or “race” – chasms that cannot be crossed – is inheritly divisive.

    Pakistan has always struck me as a type of cultural and civic nationality; one can be Pakistani and Pahktoon, or Pakistani and Punjabi, or Pakistani and Balochi, or Pakistani and Sindi, possesing both identities with one not in conflict with the other. Great Britain is the same, one can be British and English, or British and Scottish, or British and Welsh (although one might find it hard to be British and Northern Irish). India contains more ethnic nations than I can even count.

    The events in Karachi are most unfortunate, but this may not come down to nationalism or ethnicity at all. Modern politiicans, perhaps no where more so than in Pakistan, seem to have no real principles. The ethnic nationalism put forward by these parties is merely the mask that these particular politicians wear to distract the people from their only true goal: power and the means to satisfy their greed.

    Spliting the world into ethnic nations would be sheer lunacy. We would have thousands of mini nation-states in a constant state of psychological hostility towards one another.

    Confrontational ethnic nationalism would be the undoing of North America, Africa, Pakistan, and India. It is best to be avoided.

    • Loving one culture is good, but wouldn’t Cultural Nationalism mean that a person believes in his Culture to be superior than others and would try to enforce it on others, like many NeoCons believe?
      What do you mean by “Cultural Nationalism” ? I know you don’t believe that.

      You have described the cultural and civic nationality very nicely and that was exactly thought of when Pakistan Movement demanded a separate homeland for South Asian Muslims.

      Spliting the world into ethnic nations would be sheer lunacy. We would have thousands of mini nation-states in a constant state of psychological hostility towards one another.

      This is true, and you know what even if we get these thousands of countries hostile to each other, we would still have with each country further demand of separation, because people are very quick at dividing.

      Thanks for stopping by, it is always good to hear from you.

      • D.I.D.

        By cultural nationalism, I mean an understanding and appreciation of the culture of one’s country. I am most confortable living in and amongst my own national culture, because it is what I have been conditioned to my entire life, and because I have actively studied it. There does not have to be a feeling of superiority, only a sense of comfort and appreciation, to be a cultural nationalist.

        The Neo-Cons take it one step too far. They believe that their own culture is somehow superior to all others because they are personally the most comfortable within it, and are unable to see that other cultural experiences are just as fulfilling to people who live in different cultures. Often, they don’t even believe in this at all, but use it as a propoganda line as an avenue to increase their own power.

        Cultural nations can also overlap, and one does not to accept the whole culture in its entirely, only its core, in order to belong to it. It is possible to belong to multiple identity groups, as is my case – I identify with both the Western and the English-Canadian cultural groups – and I venture a guess is your case as well – the Muslim, American, and Western cultural identities seem to be your personal fit.

  2. Assalamualikum,
    this was a indeed a post i was searching for, i am a toddler of journalism myself and i want to be a journalist as Islam wants a journalist to be.and i think i can seek help from you in this regard.
    I would say that if it is happening in Karachi and Baluchistan, perish the thought, but we can be their next target, so everyone must give a look to such a thing so that he can prepare to cop with the enemy in their struggle to destabilize Pakistan through arising such ethnic and cultural conflicts. we must open our eyes to the situation and prepare for it.
    Jazak Allah for the post………I am sharing it on my blog and fb as well, with your name:)

  3. Pingback: What should we learn today? « kholayansari

  4. N/A

    Well written, mashaAllah! The ummah is like a body – whenever one part hurts, the rest of it is (or should be) affected, regardless of nationality. Props to anti-nationalists :). JazakAllahu-Khayr for sharing.

    • Thank you for stopping by and sharing your thoughts. We were suppose to be like a body, but the Ummah is like those people who cut themselves up and put themselves under physical and emotional pain knowingly.

      Please feel free to share it with your friends, even though I have specifically directed it to ‘Muhajir’ and ‘Pathan’ issue, the post can be used for any other groups that call towards Nationalism, whether it be tribal, ethnic, racial, color or country.


  5. Pingback: Does Pakistan deserves the blood, corruption and lawlessness?? | The Sultan's Corner

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