Tag Archives: Fiqh

How to deal with people that argue with doubts from the Qur’an?

muhammadweloveyou

Love for Muhammad entails love for his Sunnah

 

Sayyidina Umar (radiAllaho anho) said:

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Insight into Imam Abu Hanifa: Learn, Respect, & Defend the Imam of the East and the West

Many people now a days attack and slander Imam Abu Hanifa rahimullah. The video below is one that will hopefully enlighten you towards him. Regardless of what Fiqh Continue reading

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Why the anti-Shari’ah bill that passed in Oklahoma is poppycock

by Dawud Walid

The anti-shari’ah ballot proposal passed yesterday in Oklahoma stating that shari’ah nor international law can be used in Oklahoma law.  The passage of this is not only a moot issue for the most part, but it will probably be overturned when it is legally challenged.

First, this ballot measure appears to clearly violate the 1st Amendment, which is one of the most important foundations of the U.S. Constitution.  The measure clearly singled out shari’ah thus Islam without mentioning other religions or “religious law.”  Even if it clearly included Catholic Canon Law or Judiac Law as well, this would still be improper.

Second, given that Oklahoma is governed by the U.S. Constitution and the Oklahoma Constitution, not the Torah, Bible or any other religious text, there was no practical need for the ballot initiative to begin with EXCEPT for some politicians and activists to capitalize off of Islamophobia.  Even with this ballot measure passing, religious practice will still be considered regarding martial arbitration in Oklahoma.

Ironically, Oklahoma is a state which has the death penalty in which people, like in other states, have been placed on “death row” for crimes involving circumstantial evidence.  Many innocent persons in America, primarily minorities, have been unjustly executed over the years as has been clearly documented.  The reason behind the Illinois moratorium on executions is a clear reference.  It is a main principle in the books of judging in Islamic jurisprudence (Fiqh) that “it is better for the imam [judge] to err in pardoning a person than to err in punishing” per the saying of the Prophet Continue reading

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What is Shari’ah? (via Weblog of Dawud Walid)

Shari'ah is a spiritual path towards realizing basic objectives that the Creator wills for man. Dr. Tariq Ramadan defines shar'iah as "a path towards faithfulness."  Shari'ah is NOT a set codex of laws.  Its basic objectives (maqaasid) as defined by Ash-Shatibi are the protection of life, intellect, religious practice, property and posterity. Fiqh/jurisprudence is a vehicle on the path towards actualization (shari'ah).  There are different method … Read More

via Weblog of Dawud Walid

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Hadith 18.1: Religion is Naseehah- Intro

On the authority of Abu Ruqayyah Tameem ibn Aus (R.A) the Prophet (SAW) said:“The religion is naseehah.” The people said, “To whom?” The Prophet (SAW) replied: “To Allah and to His Book and to His Messenger and to the Leaders of the Muslims and to the common folk of the Muslims.” (Recorded by Muslim)*Note*: “[…]” means that sentence ended but there is more to it. Also this Hadith will be covered in several different posts. Salutations has been om … Read More

via The Key To Power

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My Encounter of a Kid Researcher

Few days back I went to a branch Library of Ann Arbor District Library. Busy within my own world of thoughts, I suddenly saw a family friend, Uncle “M.” He has been here in US certainly over 2 decade now (came from Pakistan). So we started having a brief conversation, which went a little like this:

Me: Assalam-o-Alaikum (peace be on you) Uncle M, how are you?

Uncle M: Good Alhamdolilah, how are you?

Me: I am good. What are you doing here?

Uncle M: Just sitting here and waiting. Came here for him (pointing towards his son)

Son walks pass me saying to his father that he needed to print something. I glanced over the stack of books in front of him and asked

Me: What is he doing?

Uncle M: He is researching. He has a paper, so he is working on that paper.

I had this sarcastic laugh, which came out naturally and said “Haha he is researching! He is in class of what like 5 or 6 and he is researching. Back home our high school graduates don’t even do that!”

Uncle M: He just kept his smile on the face, like not willing to say anything in the Library.

And then we exchanged hal aur ahwal (asking about each other familes) and I left.

I studied my k-10 education back in Karachi, Pakistan. I went through the Cambridge System too (just O Levels). Research, I didn’t know how to do it until I came to US and had to write spontaneous essays, researched papers, critically think and write what I think!

This shows the state of education in the State of Pakistan. A nation cannot move ahead, when the State has a gay Educational System. Forget the Public Education, that is not worthy of even talking about, I am talking about the education in the Private Sector. Of course, Private or Public, they both try to fulfill and prepare the students to fulfill those requirements set by the State (well for the most part, if you rich then all is well for you!).

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Humility in Knowledge and Arrogance in Ignorance

The following article is a great read on the crises of Knowledge among the Muslims of today compared to the Muslims of Salaf Saliheen.

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By Khalid Baig

Imam Malik bin Anas (b. 93 AH, d. 179 AH) was one of the greatest Islamic scholars of all times. Among his 1300 disciples were people from all walks of life; rulers, judges, historians, Sufis, poets, and scholars of Qur’an, Hadith, and Fiqh (Jurisprudence). The Khalifah attended his class as an ordinary student along with others.

In the best traditions of this Ummah Imam Malik considered his knowledge as a trust. When he knew something to be right or wrong, no intimidation could stop him from declaring so. It was his fatwa that divorce given under compulsion is invalid, that earned him the wrath of the ruler (as it implied that pledge of allegiance given under compulsion was also invalid). He was punished with lashes and at every strike he said,

“I am Malik bin Anas and I declare that divorce given under compulsion is invalid.”

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Hadith 18.1: Religion is Naseehah- Intro

On the authority of Abu Ruqayyah Tameem ibn Aus (R.A) the Prophet (SAW) said:

“The religion is naseehah.” The people said, “To whom?” The Prophet (SAW) replied: “To Allah and to His Book and to His Messenger and to the Leaders of the Muslims and to the common folk of the Muslims.” (Recorded by Muslim)

*Note*: “[…]” means that sentence ended but there is more to it. Also this Hadith will be covered in several different posts. Salutations has been omitted for most part.

Commentary:
Some of the scholars said that if thousands of hadith of the Prophet (SAW) would be lost, this hadith would be sufficient to guide the Muslims. Abu Dawood stated that this is one of the hadith around which all of fiqh revolves. Some scholars have called this hadith one fourth of the religion but in fact, as shall be seen below, its meaning encompasses the entirety of the religion of Islam. [pg 478]

The Meaning of Naseehah:

The commentator on hadith Al-Khattaabi stated that naseehah is a comprehensive word that embodies every type of virtue and the wanting or desire for all forms of goodness. Both, al-Khattaabi and ibn Hajr, have stated there is no other word in the Arabic language that is so comprehensive. […] Al-Raaghib al-Isfahaani has given the shareeah definition of the term as, “Naseehah is the seeking of an action or statement that contains goodness and improvement for other person.” Ibn Salaah has stated that the essence of naseehah is where the one doing the naseehah (sincere well-wishing) truly seeks the best for the one to whom he is making naseehah… Ibn Uthamain makes this point in even clearer terms. He says that

naseehah implies that a person loves for his brother what is good, calls him to it, makes it clear to him and encourages him to do it. This is part and parcel of the true religion of Islam. This is the real way of the believers. […]

[pg 480]

The Messengers and Naseehah:

Naseehah implies that one advises and guides others to what is best for them in this life and the Hereafter. This was first and foremost the job of the Messengers. That is why, in the Quran, Allah has described many of them as fulfilling this role of persons giving naseehah. […]
[pg 481]

(Naseehah)To Allah:

When asked to whom this naseehah is due that Prophet (SAW) first said, “To Allah.” Making naseehah to Allah requires the fulfilling of the obligatory duties in the best way possible (ihsaan). The naseehah to Allah cannot be complete or perfect without this. This should be a goal of every Muslim. However, this cannot be done without a love for what He has ordered. This also implies that a Muslim should strive to get as close to Allah as possible by doing voluntary good deeds and by forbidding the forbidden and avoiding dislikes acts. […]

Obviously, the one who benefits from this naseehah is not Allah. Allah is Self-Sufficient and is not in need to any of His creatures. Instead, it is the servant of Allah himself that benefits from this act. When he makes naseehah to Allah, he is purifying himself and bringing himself closer to Allah. Hence, Allah has made this act obligatory upon individuals and it is the person himself who alone benefits from this act. Such is the grace and mercy of Allah.
[pg 483]

Source: Jamaal al-Din M. Zarabozo, Commentary of the Forty Hadith of Imam Nawawi, Volume 1, Hadith 7. Al Basheer Company for Publication and Translations, 1999.

[The intent was sincere. If the publisher or the author really has an objection I will delete these posts ~ Umer Sultan]

“Spreading Hadith One Post Per Day” series.
Hadith # 18.

18/Ramadan/1430 AH.

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Opening the Doors of Ijtihad


We have heard all this before “Why our Ulema do not come together and use Ijtihad?,” however, recently a 3 day international seminar took place in the capital city Islamabad, Pakistan, organized by The Islamic Research Institute of the International Islamic University-Islamabad (IIUI) on “Islamic Legal Thought and Institutions in South Asia.

Scholars mainly attended from India and Pakistan with one scholar from United States. Scholars were from different school of thoughts and presented their research work and recommendations on contemporary Fiqh and the evolution of fiqh in South Asia.

Read the complete article on this subject at Hamara Pakistan 1947, where I was able to post the entire article.

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