Tag Archives: Imam Nawawi

Hadith 26: Speak Good or Keep Silent and Be Courteous and Generous

On the Authority of Abu Hurairah. the Messenger of Allah said:”Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak good things or keep silent. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should be courteous and generous to his neighbor. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should be courteous and generous to his [traveling] visitor.”[Recorded by Sahih Bukhari and Muslim]Umar once said, “The one who speaks a lot commits a lot of mistakes. … Read More

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Hadith 18.4: Naseehah To Muslim Leaders (Scholars) and Common Folk

Prophet (peace be upon him) said:“The religion is naseehah.” The people said, “To whom?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: “To Allah and to His Book and to His Messenger and to the Leaders of the Muslims and to the common folk of the Muslims.” (Recorded by Muslim)Making Naseehah to the Scholars:The Muslim scholars are leaders in the sense that they guide the others to the teachings of the Quran and Sunnah. They are the ones who understand … Read More

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Hadith 18.3: Naseehah To Muslim Leaders (Rulers)

The Prophet said:“The religion is naseehah.” The people said, “To whom?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: “To Allah and to His Book and to His Messenger and to the Leaders of the Muslims and to the common folk of the Muslims.” (Recorded by Muslim)To the Leaders of the Muslims:There are two kinds of “leaders” among Muslims, the first are the religious leaders or scholars and the second are the worldly leaders or rulers. The wording of this … Read More

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Hadith 18.2: Naseehah To Allah’s Book and To His Messenger

Prophet (peace be upon him) said:“The religion is naseehah.” The people said, “To whom?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: “To Allah and to His Book and to His Messenger and to the Leaders of the Muslims and to the common folk of the Muslims.” (Recorded by Muslim)To His Book:Next the Prophet (SAW) said, “To His book.” The word, “His book,” refers to the whole class of revelation. Hence, it includes all of the previously revealed scriptures … Read More

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Hadith 18.1: Religion is Naseehah- Intro

On the authority of Abu Ruqayyah Tameem ibn Aus (R.A) the Prophet (SAW) said:“The religion is naseehah.” The people said, “To whom?” The Prophet (SAW) replied: “To Allah and to His Book and to His Messenger and to the Leaders of the Muslims and to the common folk of the Muslims.” (Recorded by Muslim)*Note*: “[…]” means that sentence ended but there is more to it. Also this Hadith will be covered in several different posts. Salutations has been om … Read More

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Hadith 26: Speak Good or Keep Silent and Be Courteous and Generous

On the Authority of Abu Hurairah. the Messenger of Allah said:

Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak good things or keep silent. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should be courteous and generous to his neighbor. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should be courteous and generous to his [traveling] visitor.”

[Recorded by Sahih Bukhari and Muslim]

Umar once said, The one who speaks a lot commits a lot of mistakes. The one who makes lots of mistakes commits lots of sins. The one who commits lots of sins will have the Hell-fire as the first place for him.

Jamaal al-Din M. Zarabozo, Commentary of the Forty Hadith of Imam Nawawi, Volume 2, Hadith 15. Al Basheer Company for Publication and Translations, 1999.

“Spreading Hadith One Post Per Day” series.
Hadith # 26.

29/Ramadan/1430 AH.

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Hadith 18.4: Naseehah To Muslim Leaders (Scholars) and Common Folk

Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“The religion is naseehah.” The people said, “To whom?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: “To Allah and to His Book and to His Messenger and to the Leaders of the Muslims and to the common folk of the Muslims.” (Recorded by Muslim)

Making Naseehah to the Scholars:

The Muslim scholars are leaders in the sense that they guide the others to the teachings of the Quran and Sunnah. They are the ones who understand and are aware of how the shareeah is to be applied in daily life. Their position is one of the great importance for the community as a whole. Hence, it is essential that the proper naseehah be made towards them.

Naseehah to them implies, for example

1] taking the knowledge that they pass on, accepting their personal rulings if they give sound proofs for their deicisions, have good thoughts about them and not suspecting them of evil.

2] Furthermore, as ibn Uthaimeen notes, one should not attempt to find their faults or mistakes. One must accept the fact and one should correct them in the proper way. However, to search for their mistakes and expose them is not proper. When one does so, one is not just casting doubt on that one scholar but, in essence, one is casting doubt on all scholars and the shareeah as a whole.
[pg 492]

To the Common Folk:

Making naseehah to the common folk of the Muslims would include:

1] guiding them to what is good for them in both this life and the Hereafter, not harming them, teaching them about their religion and other things that they may be ignorant about, aiding them, concealing their faults, ordering them to perform good deeds and eradicating evil among them.

2] having mercy for the young among them and showing respect for the elderly.

3] feel joy when they feel joy and one should be saddened when they are saddened.

[pg 492]

Note: Jamaal al-Din Zarabozo next wrote another page about “The Difference Between Naseehah and Shaming or Embarrassing Another Person,” which is definitely worth reading.

Jamaal al-Din M. Zarabozo, Commentary of the Forty Hadith of Imam Nawawi, Volume 1, Hadith 7. Al Basheer Company for Publication and Translations, 1999.

“Spreading Hadith One Post Per Day” series.
Hadith # 18.

21/Ramadan/1430 AH.

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Hadith 18.3: Naseehah To Muslim Leaders (Rulers)

The Prophet said:

“The religion is naseehah.” The people said, “To whom?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: “To Allah and to His Book and to His Messenger and to the Leaders of the Muslims and to the common folk of the Muslims.” (Recorded by Muslim)

To the Leaders of the Muslims:

There are two kinds of “leaders” among Muslims, the first are the religious leaders or scholars and the second are the worldly leaders or rulers. The wording of this hadith implies both categories of leaders. […]
[pg 487]

Making Naseehah to the Muslim Rulers:

1] helping them when they are following the truth, obeying them in what is right, reminding them if they should err or forget, being patient with them when they do things the person does not like…

2] One should also pray for their guidance and piety, as their guidance and piety will benefit the Muslims as a whole. [… ]

This hadith stresses that one must have sincere conduct with respect to the legal Muslim rulers. Muslim rulers are human beings and they are aptly to make errors. Therefore, they are in need of naseehah and sincere advice like any other Muslim. […]

The goal of one’s interaction with the rulers or one’s discussions about the rulers should be pious and to bring them back to what is correct. Therefore, speaking to them in the un-called for harsh manner, showing a complete lack of respect for them and seemingly simply trying to embarrass them is not the proper way to make naseehah to the rulers. […]

Part of the naseehah to the rulers also includes when the ruler puts a person in charge of any matter or gives him a job to do that is sanctioned by the shareeah, that person should discharge his duties honorably and honestly and not deceive or cheat the ruler in any way. Al Khattaabi also mentions that one should not deceive by bestowing false praises upon them. In other words, one must deal with them in a way that is pleasing to Allah and do so for the sake of Allah and fearing His punishment.

[Page # 489-491]

Jamaal al-Din M. Zarabozo, Commentary of the Forty Hadith of Imam Nawawi, Volume 1, Hadith 7. Al Basheer Company for Publication and Translations, 1999.

“Spreading Hadith One Post Per Day” series.
Hadith # 18.

20/Ramadan/1430 AH.

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Hadith 18.2: Naseehah To Allah’s Book and To His Messenger

Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“The religion is naseehah.” The people said, “To whom?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: “To Allah and to His Book and to His Messenger and to the Leaders of the Muslims and to the common folk of the Muslims.” (Recorded by Muslim)

To His Book:

Next the Prophet (SAW) said, “To His book.” The word, “His book,” refers to the whole class of revelation. Hence, it includes all of the previously revealed scriptures as well as the Quran revealed to Prophet Muhammad (SAW). [Pg # 485]

Naseehah to the book of Allah requires that{*}

1] one believe that the Quran is from Allah,
2] that (Quran) is the speech and uncreated word of Allah, and that it is not like the word of man.
3] according to the one’s ability, reads and recites it properly, applies it, studies its admonitions, lessons, and parables.
4] Calling others to believe in the book of Allah is also part of this naseehah.

An important aspect is
5] defend and protect it from any kind of distortion or misinterpretation.
6] defending against the false claims made against it, such as the claim made by… that it has not been precisely preserved since the time of Prophet (SAW).
7] Having the proper respect and treatment of the Quran in the proper manner…

Since naseehah is such an essential aspect of the religion, every Muslim should consider these points and ask himself if he is truly really make naseehah to Allah and to the Book of Allah?
[Pg # 486]

{*}Note: Bullet points are by me of the two separate paragraphs. To study more please do go to the page above. [Umer Sultan]

To His Messengers:

The naseehah to the Prophet includes:

1] believing his message, believing in all that he brought as being divinely inspired, obeying him, helping and defending him, defending his honor and respecting his status.
2] One accepts the Prophet as the true leader and only human final word with respect to the religion. He is the only real human authority and everyone else’s opinion and statements come after his. […]
3] Being friends to those who love him and an enemy to those who are against him.
4] Reviving his sunnah and fighting innovations, spreading, learning and teaching his message, making supplications for him.
5] Loving his family and his companions. […]

[Page # 486-487]

Source: Jamaal al-Din M. Zarabozo, Commentary of the Forty Hadith of Imam Nawawi, Volume 1, Hadith 7. Al Basheer Company for Publication and Translations, 1999.

“Spreading Hadith One Post Per Day” series.
Hadith # 18.

19/Ramadan/1430 AH.

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Hadith 18.1: Religion is Naseehah- Intro

On the authority of Abu Ruqayyah Tameem ibn Aus (R.A) the Prophet (SAW) said:

“The religion is naseehah.” The people said, “To whom?” The Prophet (SAW) replied: “To Allah and to His Book and to His Messenger and to the Leaders of the Muslims and to the common folk of the Muslims.” (Recorded by Muslim)

*Note*: “[…]” means that sentence ended but there is more to it. Also this Hadith will be covered in several different posts. Salutations has been omitted for most part.

Commentary:
Some of the scholars said that if thousands of hadith of the Prophet (SAW) would be lost, this hadith would be sufficient to guide the Muslims. Abu Dawood stated that this is one of the hadith around which all of fiqh revolves. Some scholars have called this hadith one fourth of the religion but in fact, as shall be seen below, its meaning encompasses the entirety of the religion of Islam. [pg 478]

The Meaning of Naseehah:

The commentator on hadith Al-Khattaabi stated that naseehah is a comprehensive word that embodies every type of virtue and the wanting or desire for all forms of goodness. Both, al-Khattaabi and ibn Hajr, have stated there is no other word in the Arabic language that is so comprehensive. […] Al-Raaghib al-Isfahaani has given the shareeah definition of the term as, “Naseehah is the seeking of an action or statement that contains goodness and improvement for other person.” Ibn Salaah has stated that the essence of naseehah is where the one doing the naseehah (sincere well-wishing) truly seeks the best for the one to whom he is making naseehah… Ibn Uthamain makes this point in even clearer terms. He says that

naseehah implies that a person loves for his brother what is good, calls him to it, makes it clear to him and encourages him to do it. This is part and parcel of the true religion of Islam. This is the real way of the believers. […]

[pg 480]

The Messengers and Naseehah:

Naseehah implies that one advises and guides others to what is best for them in this life and the Hereafter. This was first and foremost the job of the Messengers. That is why, in the Quran, Allah has described many of them as fulfilling this role of persons giving naseehah. […]
[pg 481]

(Naseehah)To Allah:

When asked to whom this naseehah is due that Prophet (SAW) first said, “To Allah.” Making naseehah to Allah requires the fulfilling of the obligatory duties in the best way possible (ihsaan). The naseehah to Allah cannot be complete or perfect without this. This should be a goal of every Muslim. However, this cannot be done without a love for what He has ordered. This also implies that a Muslim should strive to get as close to Allah as possible by doing voluntary good deeds and by forbidding the forbidden and avoiding dislikes acts. […]

Obviously, the one who benefits from this naseehah is not Allah. Allah is Self-Sufficient and is not in need to any of His creatures. Instead, it is the servant of Allah himself that benefits from this act. When he makes naseehah to Allah, he is purifying himself and bringing himself closer to Allah. Hence, Allah has made this act obligatory upon individuals and it is the person himself who alone benefits from this act. Such is the grace and mercy of Allah.
[pg 483]

Source: Jamaal al-Din M. Zarabozo, Commentary of the Forty Hadith of Imam Nawawi, Volume 1, Hadith 7. Al Basheer Company for Publication and Translations, 1999.

[The intent was sincere. If the publisher or the author really has an objection I will delete these posts ~ Umer Sultan]

“Spreading Hadith One Post Per Day” series.
Hadith # 18.

18/Ramadan/1430 AH.

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