Beautiful Arabic calligraphy that says “Umar Al-Farooq” Source: Unkown
Khalifah ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab was truly a genius. He was a natural leader and had a great political acumen. Following are few examples to briefly explain this point.
Khalifah ‘Umar had established an inquiry commission to ensure that his governors and other state officials abide by the rules and do not transgress a tiny bit. The Chief Inquirer was Continue reading
Sultan Hisham bin Abdur Rahman (d. 180 A.H./796 C.E. ) of Al-Andalus (The Muslim Spain) appointed his son, Hakam bin Hisham as his crown prince and took the oath of allegiance for Hakam from the courtiers.
On this occasion, Sultan Hisham said to his son Hakam:
“You must not make any difference between the poor and the rich. Treat your subordinates with kindness but punish any atrocious governor heavily. Keep full control over your forces and see that these forces are used for serving the country not destroying it; fulfill the promises; make every effort to keep your subjects happy for angry peope pose a threat to the Continue reading