Sultan Hisham bin Abdur Rahman (d. 180 A.H./796 C.E. ) of Al-Andalus (The Muslim Spain) appointed his son, Hakam bin Hisham as his crown prince and took the oath of allegiance for Hakam from the courtiers.
On this occasion, Sultan Hisham said to his son Hakam:
“You must not make any difference between the poor and the rich. Treat your subordinates with kindness but punish any atrocious governor heavily. Keep full control over your forces and see that these forces are used for serving the country not destroying it; fulfill the promises; make every effort to keep your subjects happy for angry peope pose a threat to the Continue reading
By Juan Cole
Minarets in Ardino
Swissinfo surveys the headlines in Switzerland Monday morning and finds that the press there universally condemned and expressed dismay at Sunday’s vote. Editors expressed consternation at the inevitable tarnishing of Switzerland’s image and worried about the consequences. Will there be boycotts? Sanctions? Appeals to the European Court of Human Rights?
I can anticipate right now arguments to excuse this outbreak of bigotry in the Alps that will be advanced by our own fringe Right, of Neoconservatives and those who think, without daring saying it, that “white culture” is superior to all other world civilizations and deserves to dominate or wipe the others out.