Tag Archives: Umar ibn Abdul aziz

Preface to What is the Sunnah and Hadith?

By Umer Sultan| Part 1: Preface to What is the Sunnah and Hadith?

One of the most common topic of discussion among Muslims now a days is about the Sunnah.  Most of us Muslims have heard this word ‘Sunnah‘ and in many discussions we might have heard brothers and sisters questioning, discussing and arguing the following:

If Hadith is the saying of Prophet Muhammad, is Sunnah the actions of the Prophet? What is the significance of either one?

What is Sunnah? What is the authority of Sunnah?

I don’t have to follow Sunnah, I can leave it. It is not like it is Fard (obligatory).

Is Sunnah below the Qur’an? Is Sunnah inferior than the Qur’an?

I don’t understand the difference between Sunnah and Hadith!

Is beard a Sunnah or Wajib (commanded)? I was told it is Sunnah, but others say it is Wajib?  What is the difference? Can both be true at the same time or not? I am confused.

The list, however, continues and I am not here to compile the list. Each of these issues will be addressed piece meal inshallah (God Willing) in the Continue reading

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Disagreement among Sahaba was a Blessing

Umar ibn Abdul Aziz (Rahimullah) said

“I never wished that the Prophet’s companions had not had disagreements. Their disagreement was a mercy.”

Source: Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi, “Islamic Awakening between Rejection and Extremism.” pg 118.

Part of the Youth Series.

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Hadith 16: No Excuse For Deviation And Innovation

Umar ibn al-Khattaab, rahimahullaah, said:”There is no excuse for anyone going astray thinking that he is upon guidance. Nor for abandoning guidance thinking it to be misguidance, since the affairs have been made clear, the proof established [1] and the excuse cut off.”[2]That is because the Sunnah and the Jamaa’ah have consolidated and safeguarded all of the Religion. It has been made clear to the people, so it is upon the people to comply and f … Read More

via The Key To Power

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The Will Of The People (via The Key To Power)

The Will Of The People Thomas Jefferson, the author of the Declaration of Independence of United States and one of the founding fathers of America.What if the will of the people in some country wants Sharia??? Will this not work then??? Just something to think about.How much is this any different from the followings:"Rulers usually appoint people to watch over their subjects. I appoint you a watcher over me and my behavior. If you find me at fault in word or action gui … Read More

via The Key To Power

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Pervez Musharraf announced to form a new party to give 3rd option for Pakistan- Part 2

Part 1: Intro and Pervez Musharraf’s values

The 3rd Option for Pakistanis:

Pervez Musharraf said that he wanted to provide the third option to the people of Pakistan. The first two options in the coming elections will be Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), led by incompetent Asif Ali Zardari (well officially led by his son who has no concern regarding Pakistan); and Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz group (PML-N) led by ever shifting sides of Nawaz Shareef. It’s interesting that PPP is even an option left, let alone to be among the first two choices! This is the sad reality of Pakistani politics.
Pervez Musharraf’s 3rd option for Pakistanis is going to be the All Pakistan Muslim League (APML), the name for his would be newly formed party. The party will be launched in July in London, and according to the News:
On the other hand, it is learnt that some important leaders of the Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid (PML-Q), which ruled the country for five years under the patronage of Gen (Retd) Musharraf, are in close contact with the former president. “These PML-Q leaders are assuring the former president of not only full support to the APML but also joining it,” said the source. [The News.com.pk by Mazhar Tufail May 17, 2010]
Many of the people of Pakistan that would vote for his party would do so because of him, not because of the party values and mission, this is the dilemma Pakistan faces. Pakistanis in general align themselves to the parties based on the following three categories, a party based on ethnicity, a person, and by religious sect, where ethnicity and the personality of a person often overlaps.

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Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian by Iain Adamson

Today I finished reading the book by Iain Adamson “Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian” published by Elite International Publications in 1989.  Before I dive into my thoughts on this book, I would like to present here brief info regarding who Mirza Ghulam Ahmed Qadiani was.

Brief Intro:

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani

Mirza Ghulam Ahmed Qadiani was born in Qadian, India on February 13th, 1835 (Iain Adamson) or in 1839 or 1840 (Qadianism by Hasan Ali Nadwi).  He was a public debator, preacher, and spent most of his youth in debating Christian missionaries and Hindu group Arya Samaj.  He defended Islam, became famous in those bad times when Muslims had lost the War of Independence of 1857.  Many Islamic Scholars and leaders who participated in the freedom struggle were hanged by the imperial British governemnt and series of political, social and cultural crackdown was undertaken in order to minimze the possible uprising by Indians, especially by Indian Muslims.

In this era of despair, Mirza called himself a reformer (Mujaddid) and then called himself a Promised Messiah.  He started preaching that Isa ibn Maryam, Jesus Christ (Peace and Blessing be upon him) had died and that God had sent him as a Promised Messiah to unite all the religions and bring peace to this world.  This angered Christians and Muslims both, because both hold the belief in the Second Coming of Jesus Christ.

When he had enough supporters and financial stability, he declared that instead of inspirations from God, he started receiving revelations from God and that in those revelations God revealed to him that he was a Prophet in Islam.  Mirza declared that although Prophet Muhammed (Peace and Blessings be upon him) was the last Messenger of Allah (God) with the final Shar’iah (code/way of life), he is the chosen one- a prophet, a Promised Messiah-  and he claimed to affirming to the Sharia of Muhammad without abrogating any thing from the teachings of Muhammad!

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Hadith 16: No Excuse For Deviation And Innovation

Umar ibn al-Khattaab, rahimahullaah, said:

“There is no excuse for anyone going astray thinking that he is upon guidance. Nor for abandoning guidance thinking it to be misguidance, since the affairs have been made clear, the proof established [1] and the excuse cut off.”[2]

That is because the Sunnah and the Jamaa’ah have consolidated and safeguarded all of the Religion. It has been made clear to the people, so it is upon the people to comply and follow.[3]

NOTES:
1. Al-‘Irbaad ibn Saariyah, radiallaahu’anhu, reports that the Prophet said, “…. I have left you upon clear guidance. Its night is like its day. No one deviates from it after me except that he is destroyed.” Reported by Ahmad, Ibn Maajah (no. 43) and al-Haakim. It is declared saheeh by Shaikh al-Albaanee in as-Saheehah (no. 937).

2. Reported by Ibn Battah in, al-lbaantul-Kubraa (no. 162) by way of Awzaa’ee that it reached him that ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab said it. However, its chain is munqati’ (disconnected).
Al-Marwazee reports in as-Sunnah (no. 95) that ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd Allah-‘Azeez said, “There is no excuse for anyone, after the Sunnah, to be misguided upon error which he thought was guidance.

3.’Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood radiallaahu ‘anhu, said,

Follow and do not innovate, for you have been given that which is sufficient and every innovation is misguidance.

Reported by Abu Khaithamah in Kitaab Ul-‘Ilm (no. 540) and declared saheeh by Shaikh al-Albaanee.

Kitaab Sharh us-Sunnah by Al-Barbahaaree.

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The Will Of The People

Thomas Jefferson, the author of the Declaration of Independence of United States and one of the founding fathers of America.

What if the will of the people in some country wants Sharia??? Will this not work then??? Just something to think about.

How much is this any different from the followings:

“Rulers usually appoint people to watch over their subjects. I appoint you a watcher over me and my behavior. If you find me at fault in word or action guide me and stop me from doing it.”

-Caliph Umar Ibn Abd al-Aziz [5th rightly guided Caliph of Muslims]

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10 Rules of conduct of government in Justice

JUSTICE:

10 Rules of the conduct of government in Justice:

Imam Ghazzali enumerates 10 rules of the conduct of government, chiefly in the matter of justice, which the ruler should bear in mind, namely—

  1. In every case he should mentally put himself in the position of the contending parties.
  2. He should fulfill the desire of those who have come to him for justice.
  3. Justice is possible only when the ruler does not indulge in luxurious food and clothing.
  4. He should practice leniency not harshness in his official dealings.
  5. He should try that the subjects should be content with the rule of Law; but
  6. He should not attempt any conciliation at the expense of the Law.
  7. He should supervise the affairs of the people in the same way as if he were to supervise his own household affairs and should deal with the powerful and the infirm in the same manner.
  8. He should try to meet the learned as often as he can and should encourage them to have their say.
  9. He should see that his servants, magistrates and other officers, perform their duties diligently and well.
  10. He should not be overpowered by any false sense of pride.

(These and other salutary principles are embodied in a chapter devoted to the art of government, the care of the subjects and kindred matter. In Kimiya, el. 2, base 10.)

[“Early Muslim Political thought and Administration” by Haroon Khan Sherwani pg. no 215-216]

Definition of Justice to Khalifah Umar bin Abdul Aziz:

Imam Ghazzali relates how the Khalifah Umar bin Abdul Aziz asked the definition of justice from Muhammad bin Ka’b of Cordova, to which the savant replied that real justice was dealing with the inferiors like a father, with superiors like a son and with equals like a brother and to award punishment only according to the wrong done and the power to bear it.

[“Early Muslim Political thought and Administration” by Haroon Khan Sherwani pg. no 216]

Definition by Khalifah Ali:

He quotes the Khalifah Ali that the best judge is he who is not prejudiced in his decisions from personal desires, or by any leaning towards his relations, fear or hope, but takes a neutral attitude towards all that comes before him. (Tibr. P. 14)

[“Early Muslim Political thought and Administration” by Haroon Khan Sherwani pg. no 216]

Duties and Functions of the Executive:

Imam Ghazzali brings us to the duties and functions of the executive arm of the government centered in the person of the king or Ameer, and a whole book, the Tibru’l-Masbuk, is devoted to admonitions to the sovereigns who might care to pursue it. He enumerates the necessary qualities of an ideal, ruler, and says that he should have intellect, knowledge, perception, correct proportion of things, chivalry, love for his subjects, diplomatic bend, foresight, strong will-power, and should be well-versed in the news of the day and the history of the kings who have passed away, while he should always see that his magistrates, secretaries, viceroys and other officers did their work well; it is chiefly in these qualities, he says, which got to make a ruler the Shadow of God on Earth. (Tibr. p. 53)

[“Early Muslim Political thought and Administration” by Haroon Khan Sherwani pg. no 217-218]

Relating to Caliph Haroon Rasheed:

He relates to how a learned man once told the great Khalifah, Harun’r- Rasheed to beware that he was sitting where Abu Bakar once sat, demanding truthfulness, where Umar once sat, demanding differentiation between right and wrong, where Usman once sat, demanding modesty and bounty, where Ali once sat, demanding knowledge and justice. (Tibr, p. 15)

[“Early Muslim Political thought and Administration” by Haroon Khan Sherwani pg. no 218]

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